Diabetes Mellitus is the most common form of diabetes. Generally, people are affected by it due to the deficiency of their pancreatic hormone insulin that eventually leads to the failure of metabolizing sugars and starch. Sugars that build up in patients’ blood and urine, and the by-products of fat metabolism upset the acid-base balance of the patient’s blood. It is a very dangerous situation because it may also lead to convulsions and coma.
If a person feels that he or she is suffering from diabetes mellitus then it is highly advisable to consult a doctor and discuss the situation in detail with him so that he may diagnose the problem. The common symptoms associated with diabetes mellitus are discussed below:
The causes of this medical problem vary as they depend on the patient’s inheritance, ethnicity, health, and environmental issues. Since diabetes is of two types, therefore, let us discuss the causes of both types of diabetes separately.
Although there isn’t any particular cause of type 1 diabetes if you are suffering from the disease then it may be caused by the following factors:
When it comes to the causes of type 2 diabetes the following are some of the key factors that may result in diabetes:
When you visit a doctor and want him to diagnose diabetes then he would take your blood tests to know whether you are suffering from it or not. The method of testing the blood is not a complex process. For this purpose, you will have to visit a nearby clinic and your doctor will take the sample of your blood and would send it to the laboratory for further analysis. Lab analysis is essential so that your doctor will make sure that the results of your test are accurate. A high sugar level in the blood is a clear indication of diabetes.
Following are the medicines that can be helpful for the treatment of diabetes mellitus: